Of moral choice, 1Cor 7:37 2Cor 9:7. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. The bearing of these wonderful truths upon the condition and destiny of the Chosen People, to which the apostle next comes, though it seem but the practical application of them to his kinsmen according to the flesh, is in some respects the deepest and most difficult part of the whole Epistle, carrying us directly to the eternal springs of Grace to the guilty in the sovereign love and inscrutable purposes of God; after which, however, we are brought back to the historical platform of the visible Church, in the calling of the Gentiles, the preservation of a faithful Israelitish remnant amidst the general unbelief and fall of the nation, and the ultimate recovery of all Israel to constitute, with the Gentiles in the latter day, one catholic Church of God upon earth. And how, if so, is there no salutation to Peter among the many in this Epistle? or, if it may be thought that he was known to be elsewhere at that particular time, how does there occur in all the Epistles which our apostle afterwards wrote from Rome not one allusion to such an origin of the church at Rome? That he did not take this honour to himself, but was thereunto appointed and called of God. The prophetic writings describe not only salvation, the substance of the gospel, but also the preaching of salvation, the gospel itself. There was a further reason here for his appealing so much to the Old Testament. Related Papers On that supposition, how are we to account for so important a circumstance being passed by in silence by the historian of the Acts, not only in the narrative of Peter's labors, but in that of Paul's approach to the metropolis, of the deputations of Roman "brethren" that came as far as Appii Forum and the Three Taverns to meet him, and of his two years' labors there (Ac 28:15, 30)? It was a favorite name among the Cilicians, and the nearest approach in sound to the Hebrew Saul. Given the following context, in which Paul describes different roles within the body of Christ (2:6-8) and differing amounts of faith (14:1, 22-23), however, it is best to read these expressions about faith in verses 3 and 6 … For What Class of Christians was this Epistle principally designed—Jewish or Gentile? Paul had not seen the Romans when he wrote this epistle. Called to be an apostle - This word called means here not merely to be invited, but has the sense of appointed. New International Version. For Gospel, see on superscription of Matthew. Of intelligence, Romans 1:21 2Cor 3:15; 4:6; Ephesians 1:18 . 5. It is used of the final separation of the righteous from the wicked (Matthew 13:49; Matthew 25:32); of the separation of the disciples from the world (Luke 6:22); and of the setting apart of apostles to special functions (Acts 13:2). The Greek indicates that the writer was actually in the apostolate - a called apostle. (c) Appointed by God to preach the gospel. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse continues Paul's introduction, including three important phrases. John Piper Sep 2, 2001 705 Shares Sermon. Yet, as Dr. Morison observes, there is an ambiguity in the rendering, since he who is simply called to be an apostle may have his apostleship as yet only in the future. So doing, he would disarm their prejudice, and furnish a proof of the truth of religion. The apostle uses it here evidently to denote his acknowledging Jesus Christ as his master; as indicating his dignity, as especially appointed by him to his great work; and as showing that in this Epistle he intended to assume no authority of his own, but simply to declare the will of his master, and theirs. (2) Because Paul was not one of those originally appointed. to my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because your faith is heralded throughout the world. The Gospel is not in principle a new thing, a sub-version of the true religion as it has hitherto been known to the people of God. Finally, Phœbebe, the bearer, as appears, of this Epistle, was a deaconess of the Church at Cenchrea, the eastern port of Corinth (Ro 16:1). Verse by verse exegesis on Romans 1:1-17 V. 1 Mentioned of author or sender‟s name in the very beginning of a letter was a common practice in the ancient days of Roman Empire as we have seen in historical background. The Mighty and Merciful Message of Romans 1–8. (2) if these things were promised - predicted in the Old Testament, then Christianity is true. Circumcision is broadly defined as "when one keeps the law. The scriptures would require the article. The gospel is the power of God unto salvation through Jesus Christ—The wrath of God rests on those guilty of murder, homosexual practices, fornication, and other sins if the guilty do not repent. In the holy scriptures (ἐν γραφαῖς ἁγίαις). Or else it may have respect to Act 13:2, where the Holy Ghost did actually order he should be separated for the work to which he had called him. There is a set of Bible Studies for each set. First, "in hope of eternal life" refers to Paul's future hope of eternity with Christ. In the first chapter the Apostle had announced that ‘the righteousness of God’ was revealed in the Gospel, which is on that account the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth. which He promised before by His prophets in holy writ. 9 God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in proclaiming the gospel of his Son, that I remember you constantly, # 2 Cor 1:23; Eph 1:16; Phil 1:8; 1 Thes 1:2; 2:5, 10; 2 Tm 1:3. “Romans 1.1-5 and Paul’s Christological Use of Hab. Every passage which he adduces is therefore proof that it is from God. An apostle - One sent to execute a commission. "Called to be an apostle" (A.V. In this sense it is applied to the disciples of Christ at large (1Co 7:21-23), as in the Old Testament to all the people of God (Isa 66:14). Not limited to the prophets proper, but including all who, in the Old Testament, have prophesied the Gospel - Moses, David, etc. The proper meaning of this word servant, δοῦλος doulos, is slave, one who is not free. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God. (1) The first part of the epistle contains a most profitable preface down to verse six. It has just as much in common with a theological treatise as is consistent with the freedom and warmth of a real letter. 2. Parah, c. 10. sect. The phrase used is either in allusion to the priests and Levites, who were separated from their brethren the children of Israel, to their sacred employments; or rather to the apostle's having been "a Pharisee", which signifies "one separated", as he was now; only with this difference, before he was separated to the law, but now "to the Gospel", to preach and defend it, which he did with all faithfulness and integrity; the excellency of which Gospel is signified by its being called "the Gospel of God": he is the author of it; his grace is the subject of it; and he it is who commits it to men, qualifies them for the preaching of it, and succeeds them in it. And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection … 2. Called to be an apostle; appointed to that high office by the immediate call of Christ himself: see Gal 1:1 Tit 1:3. Or else it may respect the more immediate commission he had from Christ himself, Act 9:15 26:16-18. In short, his self-construal was—and always will be—since the Damascus road anyway, one who was a free and willing slaveof the Lord Jesus Christ. Naturally, in beginning the more precise description of the new revelation, he refers first to its connection with ancient prophecy. From this stand-point the idea of service coheres with those of freedom and of sonship. Sep 2, 2001. The apostle speaks in the language of his nation, for the Jews frequently call the Bible, writings, Holy Ones; "for", say they, , "all the Scriptures are holy" (c), and style them, , "Scriptures of holiness", or holy Scriptures (d). Sabbat, fol. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. This may regard either God's eternal purpose concerning him, his preordination of him from eternity to be a preacher of the Gospel, to which he was separated from his mother's womb, Galatians 1:15; or the separation of him to that work made by the order of the Spirit of God, Acts 13:2. Hence, he appeals here so often to the Old Testament; and defends every point by the authority of the Bible. The practice of adopting Gentile names may be traced through all the periods of Hebrew history. John Piper Sep 22, 2002 1.4K Shares Sermon. The former is emphasized in Paul's use of the term, since Christian service, in his view, has no element of servility, but is the expression of love and of free choice. He does not mean an occasional breaking of the law but consistently breaking it as a practice or as a way of life. of God—that is, the Gospel of which God is the glorious Author. a servant of Jesus Christ—The word here rendered "servant" means "bond-servant," or one subject to the will and wholly at the disposal of another. The Greek word, in both places, is the same. (c) Misn. He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. "Uncircumcision is "when one breaks the law." The ambiguous genitive, the gospel of God, seems to mean, “the gospel which proceeds from God,” “of which God is the author;” not “of which God is the object.”. Acts 26:22-23, "saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come," etc. See particularly Romans 3;4; 9; 10; 11. In Romans it is stated briefly. The Founder of this celebrated church is unknown. 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