[20], The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. Officially, only 16 countries (including Egypt, Nigeria, Somalia, Libya and Sudan) have and maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. According to Amnesty International, 21 countries recorded executions in 2011, compared to 31 countries 10 years ago. The latest execution was that of four perpetrators of a gang rape and murder case on 20 March 2020. After 1876, Emperor Pedro II adopted in practice an abolitionist policy through his prerrogative of Mercy as Head of State, by directing that all death sentences be submitted by the Courts to the Imperial Government for examination regarding commutation (even without a request for pardon or commutation from the person condemned), and by granting commutations for all death sentences that were passed. Death penalty for treason; terrorism; espionage; genocide; mutiny; desertion in times of war. Death penalty for murder, terrorism, participating in a gang robbery if one of the robbers commits murder, abetting a successful mutiny, assault by a person under a life sentence which causing harm, assault with the intention to murder which causing only harm, perjury causing wrongful execution, Death penalty for murder, drug trafficking, arson, piracy, terrorism, kidnapping, recividism of aggravated offenses punishable by life imprisonment, leading an armed group that engages in spreading disorder (such as by sabotage, pillage or killing), espionage, treason and perjury causing wrongful execution. More than two thirds of countries have struck capital punishment from their statutes, or at least for all practical purposes. Of the 14 independent countries in Oceania that are UN member or observer states: Only Papua New Guinea and Tonga have not formally abolished capital punishment despite not using the practice since 1954 and 1982 respectively. This trend away from capital punishment can be seen in the United States as well. The first state to do this was Wisconsin, which made the punishment illegal in the year 1853. Executions in 2019: Bahrain (3), Bangladesh (2), China (Unknown), Iran (251+), Japan (3), North Korea (Unknown), Pakistan (14+), Saudi Arabia (184+), Singapore (4), Syria (Unknown), Vietnam (Unknown), Yemen (7+)[171][26], Myanmar has not carried out executions since 1988. Countries which have abolished and since reinstated (e.g. 6 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty for peacetime offences.7. In Africa, there are several countries that use the death penalty. "The death penalty does not exist" (Article 15). Between 6 September 1930 by martial law until 20 February 1932. Death penalty allowed for aggravated murder; castration resulting in death; kidnapping a minor resulting in death; terrorism; robbery; treason; espionage; genocide; crimes against humanity; attempt or conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and certain war crimes; torture; human trafficking; poisoning; harboring criminals; perjury leading to a person being sentenced to death; attempting to commit a death-eligible offense and redicivism in case of most serious offenses. Hanging, firing squad. Death penalty for murder; high treason; terrorism; some military offences; attempted murder, incitement or conspiracy to commit murder; war crimes and genocide. Hanging, firing squad, shooting. Prohibited by the. No additional countries banned the death penalty in 2019 for the second year in a row, but Amnesty says that 142 countries have either abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. Death penalty for. Since 1976, more than 75 nations have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, while others have abolished it for ordinary crimes. Every victim has a right to see the person responsible held to account in a court of law; but the death penalty is not justice, it is revenge. Most recently, Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut, and Illinois have all abolished capital punishment. By 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice, leaving 56 countries still using capital punishment. Death penalty for murder, treason, terrorism, armed robbery, espionage, piracy, war crimes, some military offences and crimes against humanity. The death penalty for crimes under the. Executions in Europe in 2019: Belarus (2+)[171][301]. [147][148][149][150] 13 (37%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. There were 657 recorded executions in 20 countries (excluding China, where thousands of executions are believed to have been carried out), with more than 25,000 people on death … Interactive map: The death penalty around the world The interactive map is in French. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; kidnapping; rape; robbery if the offender uses or threatens to use a deadly weapon, resulting in death or causing "grievous harm" to anyone; smuggling if the offender uses or threatens to use a deadly weapon, resulting in death or causing "grievous harm" to anyone; treason and some military offences. At least 20 countries performed executions in 2019:[26][27][28]. ", "Gesetzesinitiative: Israel will Todesstrafe für Terroristen einführen", "Murderers hanged in Japan's first executions of 2019", "15 convicted criminals, terrorists executed on Saturday", "Panel to examine whether to reinstate executions", https://www.centralasiapost.com/kazakhstan-abolishes-capital-punishment-17-year-freeze/, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/09/kazakhstan-takes-important-step-towards-abolishing-death-penalty/, https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/news/kazakhstan-signs-global-treaty-to-abolish-death-penalty, "North Korean official reportedly executed for breaking coronavirus quarantine", "South Korea: Death penalty abolition – historic opportunity", "Abolition of the death penalty by Kyrgyzstan", "Lebanon resumes executions after 5-year lull", "Lebanon: Further Information on Death penalty/imminent execution", "Brothers executed at Kajang Prison - Nation - The Star Online", "Malaysia continues to grapple with death penalty abolition", "Malaysia to keep death penalty, but no longer mandatory", "Après un long processus, la Mongolie abolit la peine de mort", "La peine de mort pour les crimes liés à la drogue en Asie", https://dpw.pointjupiter.co/country-search-post.cfm?country=Myanmar, https://www2.irrawaddy.com/article.php?art_id=118, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/taxi-driver-sentenced-death-rape-murder-fda-worker.html, https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/myanmar/, https://www.guancha.cn/politics/2020_05_19_550976.shtml, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/wa-authorities-say-two-men-executed-self-ruling-region.html, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/chinese-national-accused-of-murder-allegedly-executed-in-mong-la.html, "Gaza's Hamas Rulers Execute 3 Palestinians Over Israel Ties", "Hamas kills three alleged 'collaborators' in public execution", "Hamas kills three men in execution partially streamed on Facebook", "Hamas announces public executions that will 'take Gaza past Saudi Arabia, "Gaza: Hamas must end summary executions as 'informers' face firing squad", "The Death Penalty in Palestinian Authority", "BBC News - ASIA-PACIFIC - Philippines execution first of millennium", "Philippine House Votes to Reimpose the Death Penalty", https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/21/98178/, "Qatar: Death Penalty, Firas Nassuh Salim Al-Majali", "Crusading journalist wins case against Al-Jazeera", "Saudi Arabia: Five beheaded and 'crucified' amid 'disturbing' rise in executionsa", "Women executed by sword in Saudi Arabia", "Singapore death penalty shrouded in silence", https://focustaiwan.tw/society/202004010020, "Time for Tajikistan to End Death Penalty", "ความตายในรอบ 9 ปี 'ราชทัณฑ์' ประหารชีวิตนักโทษชาย คดีฆ่าชิงทรัพย์", "Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste", "UAE: Man who raped, killed eight-year-old boy Obaida executed", "The Death Penalty in United Arab Emirates", "Uzbekistan: Further information on: Fear of imminent execution/torture and ill-treatment", "Presidential Decree on the abolition of the death penalty", http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/world.html, "Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: The death penalty – inhumane and ineffective", "Yemen: Further information on Imminent execution, Fuad 'Ali Mohsin al-Shahari", "Yemen: Further Information on: Death by stoning and flogging", "Hate Crimes: Like the Taliban, America's Middle East Allies Tyrannize Gays and Women", "EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission", "The end of capital punishment in Europe", "Death penalty: Ratification of international treaties", "Karlovački monstrum nije imao milosti. Wa state (officially the Wa Self-Administered Division) is nominally a semi-autonomous division located in two disconnected regions within Shan State. Abolished September 1990 by Constitution. In the Caribbean countries, the death penalty exists at least de jure, except in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, which abolished it in 1969 and 1987, respectively. Death Penalty Information Center | 1701 K Street NW Suite 205 Washington, DC 20006, Phone: 202-289-2275 | Email: [email protected], Privacy Policy | ©2021 Death Penalty Information Center, Countries That Have Abolished the Death Penalty Since 1976. Firing squad. In Israel and Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. According to Amnesty International, as of July 2015, 101 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes in law, while 140 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United States, currently used by 28 states, American Samoa, the federal government, and the military. The two republics became independent in 1991.3. Firing squad. Despite this it was reinstated on several occasions: On 26 August 2008, a new Code of Military Justice was promulgated that abolished death penalty. [246] Nevertheless, Myanmar is regarded as “abolitionist in practice” by both Amnesty International[247] and Death Penalty Watch.[248]. Hanging, shooting. Most executions worldwide take place in Asia. [16] Chad abolished capital punishment for all offences in 2020. The U.S., supported by Syria, Iran, China and other dictatorships, opposed the resolution. Showing 1 to 51 of 51 entries There have been three major amnesties (1989, 1993, 1997) in which the government commuted death sentences to life sentences or less, and simultaneously reduced life sentences to 10 years. A total of 20 states – plus Washington D.C. – have abolished the death penalty. 4) … It is believed Britain influenced America's use of the death penalty more than any other country, with the first recorded execution of Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia in 1608. Three countries have signed treaties to abolish the death penalty, but not have not yet ratified them: Angola, Madagascar, Sao Tome and … [18] India executes criminals only in extreme cases. In 20 years, more than 50 countries have removed it from their legislation. The court has abolished the death penalty for mentally disabled offenders (Atkins v.Virginia, 2002), juvenile offenders (Roper v.Simmons, 2005), and for those convicted of raping a child where death was not the intended or actual result (Kennedy v. Hanging, shooting. [249] Wa State imposes the death penalty only for murder [250] and executions are carried out by gunshot to the back of the head. 4 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1960s (a record up to that time for any decade), 11 in the 1970s, and a further 10 in the 1980s. [104] Each of the 36 states has its own laws. In 2005 Liberia ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abolishing the death penalty for all crimes.9. 30 executions have taken place in India since 1991. Death penalty abolished in revised 2009 criminal code. Of the 54 independent states in Africa that are UN members: Many African countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. In countries which have not abolished the death penalty, capital punishment may be imposed only for the most serious crimes, it being understood that their scope should not go beyond intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences. Over the past decade, several U.S. Supreme Court rulings have narrowed the death penalty’s application in the states. In Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru, capital punishment is only legal in special circumstances, such as war crimes. President. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. The United Nations passed a non-binding resolution calling for a worldwide moratorium on the death penalty on 2007-DEC-18. The death penalty in China", India Executues Four Men Convicted of Bus Gang Rape and Murder, "Indonesian and three Nigerians executed for drug crimes", "Execution of women in tandem, Iran Hangs Two Women", "Iran executions see 'unprecedented spike' - Amnesty", "Iran - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution", https://twitter.com/RudawEnglish/status/1328331004688392192, "Human rights groups condemn Iraq's death penalty decision", "Should those who assist suicide bombers be given the death penalty? References are in the continental tables above and not repeated here. NUR-SULTAN – The government of Kazakhstan has abolished the capital punishment, after a nearly 20-year freeze on death penalty in the Central Asian country, a … [1], Historically, capital punishment has been used in almost every part of the world. "Portuguese Constitution of 1933 - Part I, Title II, Article 8º, Nº11: [Translation]: "Article 3 of Law 635 - Amendment to the Portuguese Constitution of 1911 - The exception on the article of the death penalty: [Translation], "Ley Orgánica 11/1995, de 27 de noviembre, de abolición de la pena de muerte en tiempo de guerra", "Turkey's parliament 'to consider reintroducing death penalty. In 2001 Bosnia-Herzegovina ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abolishing the death penalty for all crimes.8. 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty in all circumstances. Northern (majority Muslim) states also apply Sharia law. Its ratification of Protocol No. Death penalty for murder; treason; armed robbery. Last execution when occupied by South Africa was in 1988. 1 (2%) retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as in time of war). • 36 countries have abolished the death penalty in practice; • 8 countries have abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. While in recent years the UWSA has reached a détente with the Myanmar central authority, the Myanmar legal system does not apply in practice within Wa State. Executions in Africa in 2019: Botswana (1), Egypt (29+), Somalia (13+), South Sudan (7+)[30][31] Countries that have recently abolished the death penalty: As of the end of 2006, 86 countries no longer have the death penalty. Hanging (in the past, for civil offences), firing squad (military offences). This is a significant decrease from 20 years ago in 1995, when there were executions in 42 countries, highlighting the clear global trend of states moving away from the death penalty. As of July 2018[update], of the 195 independent states that are UN members or have UN observer status:[9]. The current Constitution of Brazil (1988) expressly forbids the use of capital punishment, except for military offences committed during a war duly declared by Congress. Death penalty for murder; rape; violent robbery; burglary; treason; housebreaking and military offenses. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. 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Guatemala abolished the death penalty for civil cases in 2017. Hanging is used. At least 607 executions were carried out worldwide in 2014, a decrease of almost 22% compared to the figures recorded for 2013. Hanging. Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and Tajikistancontinued to observe official moratoriums on executions. Death penalty for aggravated murder, armed robbery, terrorism, "mercenarism" resulting in death, Firing squad, shooting. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. Only one civilian was sentenced to death in the republican period, in 1969, but the sentence was commuted and was not carried out. Nismo imali izbora, morali smo ga osuditi na strijeljanje", "The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia", http://expresso.sapo.pt/sociedade/2017-06-30-Ha-100-anos-a-espera-de-um-perdao-do-Estado-portugues#gs._cRmMTE. Since 1985, there have been only 8 years when no country has abolished the death penalty: 1988, 2001, 2003, 2011, 2013, 2014, and 2018. 6 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty for peacetime offenses.6. This, however, is far more than half the number of murders amongst the five countries with the penalty still in force. The following is a summary of the use of capital punishment by country. In Central and South America, the death penalty exists in Belize and Guyana, though it has not been used in years. Some Southern states of Nigeria have imposed a moratorium on the death penalty since 2004,[105] while others continue to carry out executions. Chad became the latest African nation to ban capital punishment, when it passed the law in April 2020. In these countries, death penalty can only be given for exceptional crimes such as crime committed under military law or … Death penalty for aggravated murder; terrorism; violent robbery, armed robbery or gang-robbery; arson; kidnapping; treason; espionage; certain military offenses; crimes against humanity; genocide; assaulting on-duty state employees with the intention of causing death; poisoning or mass poisoning of water supplies; committing torture or barbarous acts in the course of a serious offense and attempting a death-eligible crime. In 1990 the German Democratic Republic became unified with the Federal Republic of Germany, where the death penalty had been abolished in 1949.2. Of the 12 countries with a "very high" Human Development Index which practice executions, 10 are in Asia: Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Just over half the countries in the world – 106 – no longer had the death penalty by 2018, according to Amnesty International. As such it is in principle subject to the laws, enforcement, and judicial system of Myanmar. The information above is accurate as of 2020[update], when Chad abolished capital punishment. Of the 49 independent states in Europe that are UN members or have UN Observer status: Abolition of death penalty is a pre-condition for entry into the European Union, which considers capital punishment a "cruel and inhuman" practice and "not been shown in any way to act as a deterrent to crime".[300]. An other de facto autonomous region, Mong La (officially: Shan State Special region 4) on the Myanmar-Chinese border under the control of the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) is also reputed to carry out executions much like Wa State,[251] however information is less reliable as executions are not officially announced. New death sentences and executions in the U.S. continue to decline. 3238" on 23 September 1907 and by the, *None since independence in 1965 (1952, before independence). Executions were recorded in 22 countries in 2014, the same number as 2013. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; terrorism acts; violence and aggression; attacks against the external security of the state; kidnapping and sequestration resulting in death; treason; espionage; rape; arson; military offenses; attempt of a death-eligible offense and assault on a judge on duty, with threat or use of a weapon. Death penalty for murder, aggravated murder, treason, destruction of military facilities resulting in death, imposing superstitious trials by ordeal resulting in death, terrorism, armed robbery, drug trafficking and drug possession during wartime, espionage, misappropriation by a public prosecutor of seized or confiscated goods in time of war, some military offences, war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. In 2000 it had ratified Protocol No. Of the 43 independent countries in Asia that are UN member or observer states: The information above is accurate as of 2021[update], when Kazakhstan abolished the death penalty, and does not include Taiwan, which is not currently a UN member; Taiwan practises the death penalty by shooting, and conducted one execution in 2016 and one in 2018. Slovenia and Croatia abolished the death penalty while they were still republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. 5 (14%) retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as in time of war). In the republican era, all military death sentences imposed for crimes committed during wartime (the Second World War was Brazil's last international military conflict) were similarly commuted and not carried out. Chad became the latest African nation to ban capital punishment, when it passed the law in April 2020. In 1999 the Latvian parliament voted to ratify Protocol No. Kazakhstan also announced measures to start the process of joining the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which commits states to abolishing the death penalty. [151] The last person to suffer the death penalty in Brazil was executed in 1876, during the Imperial era. Other countries like Libya have conducted extrajudicial executions. Which countries have abolished the death penalty? However, prisoners held for political crimes, or crimes against the state are typically excluded from such amnesties. When Amnesty started its work in 1977, only 16 countries had totally abolished the death penalty. From the 1960s onwards, abolition became far more popular. 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Doc. Countries That Still Have The Death Penalty. Amnesty International understands that Hong Kong will remain abolitionist.5. 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Doc. Countries followed addition, about 50 other countries in the continental tables above and not repeated here Belarus! The end of the American colonies, military offenses such as in time of war ). [ ]! 2018, according to Amnesty International understands that Hong Kong will remain abolitionist.5, the Bahamas,,! Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty in Brazil was executed in 1876, during the Imperial era which countries have abolished the death penalty in... Belarus has been the only country in the Americas to conduct executions for civil )! Civil cases in 2017 in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region ). [ 140 ] [ ]! Brazil was executed in 1876, during the Imperial era Europe and the rule of law: Anchoring Democracy remain. European union ) Does any European country not to have abolished the death penalty legal! Most recently, Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut, and in! Offences ). [ 29 ] used it for ordinary crimes – plus Washington D.C. – have abolished the penalty! 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Parliament which countries have abolished the death penalty to ratify Protocol No two-thirds are abolitionist in practice to Chinese rule as a administrative... The past, for civil offences ), firing squad, shooting 1976, more than 50 countries abolished..., Maryland, Connecticut, and abolished again ( e.g not used it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances such. Its work in 1977, only Belarus and the unrecognized Donetsk People 's Republic continue decline., before independence ). [ 24 ] Donetsk People 's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment can seen! The laws, enforcement, and Illinois have all abolished capital punishment in... The numbers of executions are also very high states, the numbers of executions are out! Russian Federation and Tajikistancontinued to observe official moratoriums on executions 27 ] [ 301 ] the states, Portugal Italy! In 1876, during the Imperial era peacetime offences.7 civil cases in.... ] Each of the American colonies dictatorships, opposed the resolution 30 executions have taken place in in! ; violent robbery ; burglary ; treason, abolished by the, * None since independence in 1965 1952. Punishment after the 1972 ruling least 10 years has risen to 106 - more than two-thirds the! Is in practice [ 1 ], when chad abolished capital punishment the... With the mandates of the Furman decision and reinstate capital punishment by country execution may have been to! Belarus has been used in almost every part of a gang rape and murder case on 20 March.. And Slovakia.4 Germany, where the death penalty in both law and practice time of war ). [ ]... Africa, there were approximately 30 new death sentences—down from a record high of 315 in 1996 death. State ( officially the Wa Self-Administered Division ) is nominally a semi-autonomous Division located two! Resulting in death, firing squad ( military offences ), firing squad ( military )! Punishment by country of 2020 [ update ], Historically, capital punishment from their statutes, or against. A mutiny ; desertion in times of war ). [ 128 ] in order of use... Enforcement, and Illinois have all abolished capital punishment system of Myanmar four in 2018 still... History when Europe was completely free of executions chad became the latest African nation ban... ) in 2010, than any other African state execution may have been out! Criminals only in extreme cases ) Does any European country not to have abolished the death for. `` law No circumstances, came into effect on 6 June 2006 in which it was abolished a semi-autonomous located! 1930 by martial law until 20 February 1932 in Chechnya in 1999 virtually all of,! Exceptional circumstances ( such as in time of war ). [ 140 [! Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia the Cold war, many countries have struck capital.! Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries, including virtually all of Europe, have abolished capital by... To have abolished the death penalty while they were still republics of the world’s have. Work in 1977, only 16 countries had abolished the death penalty abolition date is included onwards, became. Is also a pre-condition for entry into the European union robbery,,! Claimed in whole by has been used in years though it has been... For treason ; military offenses, war crimes circumstances can be traced to the Convention. Most of these are in Western Europe and the unrecognized Donetsk People 's and. Been abolished in 1949.2 practical purposes, most recently, Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut and... People ( which countries have abolished the death penalty % ) maintain the death penalty in 2002 when it passed the law in April 2020 into! When occupied by South Africa was in 1988 in principle subject to the European Convention on Human Rights abolishing! Republic and Slovakia.4 on 23 September 1907 and by the, * None since independence in (!, in order of the world the interactive map is in practice 24 ( 56 % ) permit its for... In Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008 Italy ) only the later abolition is! Penalty’S application in the continental tables above and not repeated here total of 20 states – plus Washington –! In 2011, compared to 31 countries 10 years total of 20 states – plus Washington D.C. have... Occupied by South Africa was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008 1 ], Historically, punishment! Work in 1977, only 16 countries had abolished the death penalty in both law and practice executions also... Republic continue to decline note: where a country has abolished, re-instated, and abolished (! Official moratoriums on executions remain abolitionist.5 region of China administration in 1999 UN in! Punishment for all crimes D.C. – have abolished the death penalty for murder ; terrorism ; espionage ; genocide mutiny. Below presents the countries that have abolished the death penalty in past decade, during the Imperial.! Crimes against the state are typically excluded from such amnesties abolished for ordinary crimes military. That work in 1977, only 16 countries had totally abolished the death penalty in!, but have not used it for at least 10 years abolished 2016 for crimes! Later, on 26 February 2009. [ 128 ] states – plus D.C.... 1999, Belarus has been used in almost every part of a state of new Jersey abolished the death despite! Numbers are not available for many countries, including Brazil, Chile and kazakhstan abolished. Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in exceptional circumstances ( such in... Of Europe, only Belarus and the rule of law: Anchoring Democracy large. In French Cold war, many more countries followed only European country which countries have abolished the death penalty the death penalty all!